The order by the Faizabad district court, permitting worship of the idols was seen by the Hindus as a vindication of their stand and by the Muslims as yet another betrayal of their cause in practising their religious freedom. Even before the locks to the structure could be opened as per court protocol, they were broken and people started to flock in. The resultant tension and bitterness between the communities manifested itself in severe rioting and violence throughout north India. Muslims observed 14th February as a Black day, stating that not only the government but even the judiciary had failed them.
However, in order to understand the issue completely we will need to get back to the politics of it. Over the years, Jan Sangh had tried to mobilise the Hindu populace to get some political dividends but they had only limited success at an electoral level. Though RSS had impressive membership and reach as a social and cultural organisation, Jan Sangh were unable to reap the direct benefits of it. They also did not want political alignments with other parties like the left or Janta dal variants. The Emergency proclaimed by Indira Gandhi changed all of that and kind of forced the opposition parties to get together. Jan sangh went with the Janta Party, who won the elections in a handsome manner and had their first taste of being part of government. They were also one of the reasons for the unravelling of the Janta party, courtesy the dual membership issue with the RSS. After uncertainty of about a year when the elections were held in 1980, Indira Gandhi stormed back to power.
Jan Sangh had been rendered defunct in 1977 and the leaders found it senseless to be part of Janata party any more. This led to the formation of Bharatiya Janata Party. The philosophy it adopted as a theme was Gandhian socialism and the core Jan Sangh issues of Ram mandir, cow slaughter, article 370 and Uniform civil code were very much part of it’s agenda. It was still just finding it’s feet when the assassination of Indira Gandhi in 1984 October, saw elections being called for January 1985. In the wake of a massive sympathy vote, Rajiv Gandhi and the Congress swept the elections nationally. The BJP did abysmally and was written off by most political pundits. They got only 2 seats and even their talisman Atal Bihari Vajpayee, a parliamentarian since 1957 could not get elected.
The BJP floundered for the next few years as the politics in the country went through a turmoil. Rajiv Gandhi had a great start to his prime minister’s innings but soon Bofors, Sri lankan misadventure and other issues started to undermine his popularity and authority. VP Singh was the major challenger and to counter him, Rajiv Gandhi agreed to the persistent VHP demands of Shilanyas of the Ram temple. Little was he to know that he was literally releasing a genie from the bottle, which could never again be put back.
Rajiv Gandhi did not benefit from the Hindu votes in the 1989 elections and was forced to concede power to the Janata Dal government led by VP Singh. BJP raised their tally to 85 seats, mostly from North India, and supported the government from outside. Indian politics would change forever, in the next few years and Ram mandir and Ayodhya were very much the centre point of it.