For all tax paying people July 31st now looms as the deadline, by which you need to submit your tax returns for last FY. New tax payers find it quite overwhelming, many people just avoid it through ignorance or laziness and others depend on their CA or Tax consultants to get it done. It is important to understand the need for filing tax returns and also how one can do it in a fairly easy manner.
First things first – why do we need to file a tax return in addition to paying our taxes? The answer is simple too – our tax deductions are automatic in some cases, partial in others and not there at all in some. It is therefore important for the IT authorities to determine whether you have taken all of your income into account and paid relevant taxes for the same. A few examples will make it clear :-
- For your salary income TDS is deducted as per your tax calculations fully.
- For your rental income of any property there is no TDS unless rent is more than 50000 per month. Here too the TDS is at 10 %.
- For your FD interest TDS is charged at 10 %.
- For your PO MIS interest, no TDS is deducted.
- For your Savings bank interest, no TDS is deducted.
As you can see from here if you just depend on TDS and think you have paid all your taxes, you are quite mistaken. Ideally you should be calculating your tax liability based on your overall income, during the year, and pay advance taxes to cover up the additional tax payment required. These advance taxes can be paid any time during the year and for a quarter the cut off date is normally 15th of the last month. So for the second quarter of this FY, the advance tax payment deadline should be 15th September. If you have extra taxes to be paid, based on your first quarter income then make sure that you pay it off by that date. For the last quarter of the FY, the date is 15th March.
However, if you have not done it this way in the last FY then what is your choice now? You need to file your tax returns with accurate information so that your total tax liability for last FY can be determined. If the tax deposited so far is less than this, you will need to pay the balance tax. This is easily done in the income tax website. In case you do not have an account there, create it using your PAN for registration.
What happens if you do not file the tax return? For one there is no real option and you will be fined heavily if you delay filing beyond July 31st. Also anything associated with your PAN can always come under scrutiny and the first thing IT authorities will check is your Tax return form. If you have not filed it, or filed it with inaccurate information then you are going to face a much sterner examination.
So all said and done, you will need to file your tax returns. In case you are not up to doing it yourself use a Tax Return Professional ( TRP ) to help you. You can, of course, go to a CA but they are more expensive and unless you have multiple sources of incomes that need complex book keeping I will not advise it.
In the next few posts I will show you how you can take care of your income tax and learn enough to calculate your taxes and file returns on your own. It is actually quite simple to do once you lose your initial reluctance.